The wind is a source of renewable energy. Therefore, man has manufactured tools and means to benefit from it, by converting wind energy into electric energy. It relies on transforming kinetic energy into electrical energy using giant generators called wind turbines.
How the Wind is Converted into Renewable Energy
Turbines come in all shapes and sizes and are used to take advantage of wind energy and convert it into electrical energy. It can be used to charge a battery or a lamp, on a smaller scale, with larger turbines on wind farms used to run factories or provide the energy needed to provide electricity to an entire city.
How Turbines Work
There are several types of turbines, some of which resemble the sail of a ship, or an egg whip. The most commonly used is large-scale wind turbines on wind farms. These fans reach heights up to 110 meters and have two or three fins of 10 meters each. The estimated production of these turbines of energy is about 500-1300 MW, and the larger the size of the turbine, the more volume of energy is produced.
When the wind blows, the turbine fins start to move, and in turn, the turbine fins spin the motor connected to it, generating a quantity of electrical energy proportional to the speed and force of the wind. There is wind speed and direction measuring devices and an electric motor that moves the fins to make maximum use of wind. As the wind intensifies, more electrical energy is generated. Wind turbines have a safety measure in the form of a break, which controls the movement of fins in extreme wind intensities and stops them completely in storms.
Turbines for Domestic Purposes
There are turbines similar to wind turbines, but they are based on hydropower and are located in waterfalls and riverbeds. They were the first form of the turbine and is used for water transport, and grain milling. The Greeks used it about 100 years ago, with its first appearance in Persia in the seventh century AD.
Wind-turbines is commonly known to be found in wind farms, but you can install a small turbine in your yard to generate power it if you have enough space.
Reasons Why You Should Have a Big Yard
Wind turbines are in general not aesthetically pleasing and can take up a lot of space. It will, however, be a very good asset as one of its advantages is stability and large volumes of power generation. It is considered to be a better investment than solar energy.